Identification of Pesticide Contamination in Water Sources Surrounding Agrochemical-Free Rice Farming in Battambang Province
    1. Food Technology and Nutrition Research Unit, Research and Innovation Center, Institute of Technology of Cambodia, Russian Federation Blvd., P.O. Box 86, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Received: August 11,2022 / Revised: Accepted: October 19,2022 / Published: December 31,2022

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Mobile robots have been around since the late 1960s. This kind of technology has caught the attention of many researchers since then. In the last decade, the applications of mobile robots are being applied in various sectors unleashing more benefits of automation and robotics to be captured to their maximum potential by mankind. As the tasks are getting more complex, it requires the mobile robots to be more advanced and autonomous. That is when motion planning comes into play. There are many types of wheeled mobile robots, one of which is called differential-drive. Although this type of robot has the benefits of simplicity over other types, it also has one downside, as it involves non-holonomic constraints. The problem of non-holonomic wheeled mobile robots in terms of path planning and tracking control are the big challenges for autonomous robot researchers throughout these years. Many approaches have been proposed and confirmed to have their own advantages and disadvantages in certain circumstances. This paper presents an integrated path planning and trajectory tracking control method for wheeled mobile robots allowing the robots to find the lowest-cost path while avoiding obstacles within a short computational time and move towards their goal by combining the RRT* path planning with Backstepping control. The performance of this integrated model is validated and implemented onto a two-wheel mobile robot which is a non-holonomic system subject to known static environmental obstacles. Assumptions and details on the test result are also described.