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Cambodia is at an early stage of development, with 21% of people presently living in cities. Phnom Penh, the capital and largest city of Cambodia, is under urbanization pressure with a population of 2.1 million and the annual growth rate of 3.2% in 2019. In this regard, aging infrastructure needs an upgrade or replacement with a new design considering a percentage, as high as possible, of permeable surfaces in urban areas. Low Impact Development

Okara is an agro-waste yielded after liquid extraction of tofu and soymilk production. It contains protein, fiber, carbohydrates, and minerals making it a potential nutritious ingredient for foods. However, several million tonnes of okara are made and discharged annually after tofu and soymilk processing, leading to environmental and economic impacts. In addition, rice is also considered a stable cereal in the Cambodian diet, so rice flour is mix

Crop diseases, unfavorable growth, and nutritional deficiencies have a significant impact on the quality and quantity of agricultural income. According to the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization, it is estimated that pre- and post-harvest diseases alone destroy at least 20–40% of global agricultural production. In developing countries like Cambodia, farmers tend to have a limited understanding of crop diseases and how to treat them,

In the chain of the healthcare domain even in the public or private sector of a developing country, there is still much concern about information sharing, security, and privacy, especially for identity management. In Cambodia, currently, the centralized framework for identity management is mostly used, which highly depends on a single trust third-party Certificate Authority (CA) such as the General Department of ICT (GDICT) at the Ministry of Pos

Nowadays, smart home technology has become one of the leading IoT-based projects and as a result of that there are lots of new IoT-based products available in society that allow people to live more convenient and secure lives at home. Many people are aware of this technology, and the smart home application helps people to manage their schedules, home lighting, electricity bills, grocery lists, and also their home security. Today, face recognition

Acidminedrainage(AMD)isamajorenvironmentaldistributedpollutantduetotheexposureofairandwaterfrom tailing and overburden produced from metals mining activity. AMD might degrade water to strong acidity, sulfide, iron (Fe), and other heavy metals contents due to the chemical consumption during the mineral extraction process. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of neutralization acid mine drainage caused by artisanal and small-scal

Aquaculture plays an important part in Cambodia's food security and livelihoods. As the population grows, aquaculture is becoming economically important as a means of improving local fish yield for food security. Antimicrobial usage (AMU) in agricultural sector is a key driver of antimicrobial resistance and can be harmful for human health. Misuse and overuse of the antibiotic products are the two factors that contributing to the rise in antibiot

Cambodia is extremely reliant on biodiversity and aquatic ecosystems. Fish accounts for more than 80% of total animal protein intake, particularly in the rural community. Among fishery products in Cambodia, fermented fish called “Nem” is growing more popular and well-known to even outside of their original geographical regions. “Nem” is the kind of traditional lactic acid fermented freshwater fish of Cambodia that is consumed as raw. Three main t

In Koh Thom district, people mostly rely on agriculture for their incomes. The irrigation systems are based on prek namely small channels diverting the water of the Bassac River in the floodplain. This system potentially contributes to changing the flood dynamics in the area by reducing the period of submersion and its amplitude. This may change the relationships between surface and groundwater flow, with potential pollutant accumulation in aquif

Khmer rice vermicelli “Num Banhchok” is lightly fermented Cambodian rice noodles. Num Banhchok is commonly served as a breakfast noodle dish with curry soup or Khmer fish soup in the country. Food safety concerning microbiological contamination over Khmer rice vermicelli has escalated since the manufacturers and retailers lack hygiene practices with the family-scale of production. Here, this study aimed to assess the physicochemical properties an

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